|The white rhino|
The white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) used to have a continental range that was discontinuous and smaller than that of the black rhino. The white rhino lives in grasslands and savannah woodlands. It is also called the square-lipped rhino, because of the shape of its mouth, which is adapted to its diet of grass.
Two subspecies are recognised: the northern white rhino (C. s. cottoni) of which only a few survive, in the north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo; and the southern white rhino (C. s. simum), which used to be found across much of southern Africa. The SADC Rhino Conservation Programme targeted only the southern sub-species.
Following widespread hunting and the reclamation of land for agriculture, only approximately 20 animals of the southern white rhino survived by 1895, all in the Umfolozi area of
By 2003, 93% of the wild population lived in
Distribution of the two subspecies of white rhinoceros
This distribution map is based on one produced by the IUCN/SSC African Rhino Specialist Group: for security reasons and to protect the wishes of some range states, maps showing the names and location of individual populations are not produced.